December 10: Artsakh People Voted for Independence
On December 10 the whole world celebrates the International Human Rights Day. In Karabakh, this holiday has received another meaning. On December 10 Artsakh people celebrate the Day of Referendum of Independence and NKR Constitution Day.
In the history of Artsakh December 10 twice proved to be pivotal. In 1991 on this very day the Armenians of Artsakh expressed their will and confirmed the dedication of creating an independent state, saying their firm "Yes" in the referendum on the NKR independence.
On the same day in 2006, the basic law of Karabakh - NKR Constitution was adopted by a national referendum again, which confirmed that NKR is going to develop as a democratic country.
As noted in Karabakh, the fact that both referendums were held exactly on International Human Rights Day, is very symbolic. Artsakh movement, the birth and existence of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic are an integral part of human rights, the universal expression of the fundamental principles of equality of people and their right to self-determination. As Karabakh authorities tell "a strong, independent,sovereign, democratic and legal state is an exclusive value that has no alternative for us."
NKR Constitution recognizes the fundamental human rights and freedoms as inalienable and supreme values, as the foundation of freedom, justice and peace. According to the Constitution, the name of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and the Republic of Artsakh are identical.
A Bit of History
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) was established on September 2, 1991 in the borders of the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region and neighboring Shahumyan region. On this day the joint session of People's Deputies of the Nagorno-Karabakh Regional and Shahumyan raisoviets with the participation of deputies of councils of all levels adopted the Declaration on the proclamation of NKR, in accordance with the norms of legislation of the USSR, as well as enshrined in international law the right of peoples to self-determination.
Later, using the right to self-holding of a referendum and raising the question of their legal national status, enshrined in Community legislation, the NKR Council of People's Deputies decided to hold a referendum on the republic's independence. At the plebiscite held on December 10, 1991, under the incessant bombardment of Armenian settlements of all types of weapons, 82.2% of the registered voters attended. This referendum was attended also by the residents of Getashen subdistrict, thus legally securing the entry of the subarea into the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The vast majority of those who did not participate in the vote were inhabitants of Azerbaijani settlements, although they had the right to participate in the referendum and express their will along with other residents of Karabakh. Ballot papers were printed in three languages ─ Armenian, Azerbaijani and Russian. Results of the referendum and its democratic character and transparency were confirmed by independent foreign observers.
The question of the referendum was as follows: "Do you agree that the proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is an independent state, independently determining the forms of cooperation with other states and communities?" As a referendum result, 99.89% voted in favor of independence from Azerbaijan.
International observers, who monitored the referendum in NKR, in their final evaluation noted that "the referendum was conducted in conditions of armed aggression against the NKR, which is expressed in the incessant shelling of Stepanakert and other settlements with various weapons, including missiles and artillery. On the day of the vote 10 Armenians were killed and another 11 wounded. Most of the women and children of Stepanakert spend the nights in basements, kindergartens and nursery schools are closed. On the night of December 12 an artillery shell was dropped at one of the schools in Stepanakert. There is no water, no bread, no medicine."
Formed on December 28, 1991, the Supreme Council (Parliament) adopted the Declaration on the NKR State Independence, thus securing the legislation as a result of the referendum, and the sequence of legal instruments implementing the right of NKR people to self-determination of their political status.
Exactly 15 years after the December referendum, Karabakh showed that is ready to further build the statehood. On December 10, 2006, in a national referendum, the Constitution of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic was adopted. 90,077 voters participated in the referendum. 77,279 of them said ''Yes" to the Karabakh Constitution of, while just 554 voted against.
NKR Basic Law (www.president.nkr.am) consists of a preamble and 12 chapters. The Day of the Constitution is a holiday and non-working.
Internationally recognized countries, the members of the UN and other international bodies once passed the same path NKR passed during its more than 20 years of existence. Perhaps, for many countries it took a little more or a little less years of efforts, but international experience shows that almost all states go through the same fate. And if two referendums - with an interval of 15 years – show that people have the same desire, determination and commitment to build an independent nation, live in it and develop, then there is no way back...
Happy double holiday, Artsakh!
- The Congressmen Expressed Readiness to Continue Their Efforts Aimed at Putting an End to the Isolation of Artsakh Masis Mayilian highly appreciated the strong support of the U.S. lawmakers for the continued struggle of the people of Artsakh for the sake of freedom, peace and decent life in their homeland.
- FM Highlights Reduction of Risks of Escalation for Substantive NK Talks Mnatsakanyan said it is an absolutely important issue to reach a situation which rules out risks of escalation.
- “Kazan document” was rejected by Azerbaijan itself, Yerevan reminds Baku As for the opinion of the minister of foreign affairs of Azerbaijan on the peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, I would kindly like to remind, that Azerbaijan was the one to reject the...
- Armenian, Azerbaijani FMs to Meet Again under Co-Chair Auspices before the End of the Year: OSCE MG Statement The two leaders briefed the Co-Chairs on their recent conversation during the CIS summit in Ashgabat and presented their ideas on how to advance the settlement process.
- Organizers of low-grade flash mob in Azerbaijan have no opportunity to get to Artsakh borders: David Babayan This kind of flash mobs is a cheap action, the organizers of which pursue various goals.
U.S. Warns Egypt of Sanctions Over Russian Warplane Purchase
Garo Paylan: Erdogan is Praising Genocide
Pompeo: US "Will Continue to Lead" Fight Against Islamic State
Russian MFA Condemns Killing of Armenian Priests in Syria
5 Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
Artur Javadyan: Central Bank is Concerned About Growth Rate of Consumer Loans
Pashinyan to Visit Italy
President Sarkissian Hosts Film Director Jivan Avetisyan
Armenian President Holds Farewell Meeting with Greek Ambassador
Artsakh Republic President Bako Sahakyan Chaired the Meeting of the Government
Erdogan Says He Gave Trump Back Letter Warning Not to Be ‘Fool’
President of Artsakh Signed Laws
Islamic Jihad Says Ceasefire with Israel Agreed
Roads in Armenia are Passable: Stepantsminda-Larsi Highway is Open for All Types of Vehicles
Graham Blocks Resolution Recognizing Armenian Genocide After Erdoğan Meeting
Kazakhstan’s Senate Speaker Arrives in Armenia on Official Visit
Artsakh President Receives the Head of Board and Executive Director of the Armenian Public TV and Radio Company
Armenia's Government Wants Clarification of the Parameters of the Madrid Principles
"You and Erdogan Brought ISIS": Cher Comments on Murder of Armenian Priest in Syria
The Incident in Armavir Doesn't Correspond to Spirit of Armenian-Russian Relations: Armenian Embassy in Russia
I Cannot Stop Cursing the Genocide Committed against Armenians: Fethullah Gulen's Letter Addressed to the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople Was Found
Armenian Genocide Resolution scheduled for a vote in US House of Representatives
Kim Kardashian Expects US House of Representatives Would Recognize Armenian Genocide
Only Turkish parliament can heal Armenian people’s wounds, says Garo Paylan
Reception at the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia to the USA in Honor of the Artsakh Republic Delegation
Nikol Pashinyan: “Making Real Changes for the Sake of Humans, the State and the Church Has Been My Mission”
Erdogan Demands US Hand Over SDF Chief to Turkey
Lori is a Splendid Textbook for Learning About our Native Land, While Vanadzor is One of its Most Significant and Beautiful Pages. Armen Sarkissian
Turkish Foreign Minister Hold Talks with U.S.'s Pompeo: Sources
Zareh Sinanyan Will Demand from French Authorities to Provide Security to Armenian Institutions after Attacks
Wind: 3 km/h