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Why Did the EU Got Afraid of the Italian Elections?

Though the final results of the March 4 parliamentary elections in Italy are still unknown (counting in single-mandate constituencies continues), Italy is likely to face difficulties in forming a coalition government. It should be noted that none of the parties and alliances managed to obtain 40% of the votes needed to form a government.

Thus, the right-centered opposition, whose key players are Matteo Salvini's League (18) and Silvio Berlusconi's "Forward, Italy" (14), won 37 percent of the votes. On the second place is the "Five Stars" movement of Luigi Di Maio, which received 32% of the votes. On the third place is the left-wing alliance led by Former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi's Democratic Party, which received about 24 percent of the votes.

Luigi Di Maio has already stated that his movement is ready to form a government, as it is a legitimate party, unlike the others, representing the whole country from Valle d'Aosta to Sicily.

However, under the current conditions, this variant is less likely to be observed. The right-center alliance has already stated that it is not going to form a coalition with the "Five Star" movement. It was a good news especially for Brussels, as both political forces promised to come out of the Eurozone. However, analysts do not rule out that the "five stars" can form a government thanks to the support of some of the democratically elected members of the Democratic Party.

The most likely option is that the government should form the right center-centric forces, or with the support of the number of votes received in single-mandate constituencies or by other members of the political forces. In such a case, the prime minister can become the leader of the League, Matteo Salvini, as Berlusconi cannot claim for prime minister because of his convictions, at the same time Salvini's party has received more votes.

It should be noted that, although it is not yet clear who will be the Prime Minister of Italy, the changes that take place at least on the foreign political agenda of the country are already obvious, regardless of whether the prime minister will be Luigi Di Maio or Matteo Salvini. Both "League" and "Five Stars" are members of the Eurosceptic forces who are against anti-Russian sanctions. Meanwhile, Italians have been forced to vote for Eurosceptics not only because of the EU's migration policy, but also the economic difficulties that have emerged as a result of Brussels's policy. The results of the Italian vote are once more alarming for Brussels, reminding about the necessity of reforming the EU.

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