The Final Declaration of the EaP Summit and Reference to Armenia (Analysis)
On November 24, the Eastern Partnership Summit took place in Brussels, as a result of which a Declaration was adopted summarizing the recorded achievements of the past two years. Besides, the Declaration also defined the ways of further development.
Below, we will separate those parts of the declaration that directly or indirectly refer to Armenia and the Armenian interests (mainly those parts, where Armenia is being directly mentioned). Those separated parts will be analyzed in comparison with the Riga summit declaration (2015).
There is no direct reference to Karabakh conflict in the document. The Declaration gives a general approach to the settlement of conflicts mentioning the importance of confidence-building and peaceful resolution welcoming the EU’s support to the existing negotiation formats.
"The Summit participants remain deeply concerned about the continued violations of principles of international law in many parts of the region. The Summit participants call for renewed efforts to promote the peaceful settlement of unresolved conflicts in the region on the basis of the principles and norms of international law. The resolution of conflicts, building trust and good neighbourly relations are essential to economic and social development and cooperation. The Summit participants welcome efforts and the EU's strengthened role in conflict resolution and confidence building in the framework or in support of existing agreed negotiating formats and processes, including through field presence, when appropriate," the Declaration reads.
In the context of Karabakh conflict the reference to building trusts and peaceful settlement within the existing agreed negotiating formats, is quite important. Besides, the emphasis on the EU’s field presence and its role can be "used" to draw attention of the need of EU’s direct work in Artsakh on humanitarian issues.
It should be mentioned that the Riga summit Declaration directly referred to Karabakh conflict "reiterating full support to the mediation efforts by the co-chairs of the Minsk Group on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, including at the level of Presidents and their statements since 2009." With such wording the EU directly expressed its support to the 3 principles of Helsinki Final Act – non use of force or threat of force, territorial integrity and the right to self-determination, as well as to the Madrid principles.
Though Brussels Declaration does not directly repeat the same wording on Karabakh conflict, it is fixed in the new EU-Armenia Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement signed on November 24 during the EaP summit. See: RA Foreign Policy Priorities in the RA-EU Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (Reference).
The Brussels Declaration welcomes the signing of the Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement between the European Union and Armenia in the margins of the Summit. The Agreement reaffirms that it is the sovereign right of each partner country to choose the level and goals of its relations with the EU. This means that the EU is ready to deepen its cooperation with Armenia.
In the Riga Declaration, the participants welcomed "the common understanding reached on the scope for a future agreement between the EU and Armenia aimed at further developing and strengthening their comprehensive cooperation in all areas of mutual interest."
Common Aviation Area
The Declaration adopted in Brussels expressed its support to a swift completion of negotiations of Common Aviation Area agreement with Armenia, while the Riga Declaration expressed hope "to the launching of negotiations on an EU-Armenia Aviation Agreement at the earliest opportunity."
This means that the negotiations have successfully gone forward and now Armenia is near signing the Agreement, which is a part of expanding and strengthening the communication links among the EaP countries and the EU.
The Brussels Declaration on the issue said: "They look forward to strengthen cooperation and further progress in the area of mobility, in a secure and well-managed environment and to consider in due course the opening of visa liberalisation dialogue with Armenia, provided that conditions for wellmanaged and secure mobility are in place, including the effective implementation of visa facilitation and readmission agreements between the Parties."
In the Riga Declaration the EU welcomed the progress in the implementation of the Visa Facilitation and Readmission Agreements (VFA/RA) with Armenia, saying that it looks forward "to consideration in due course of the opening of a visa dialogue with Armenia, provided that Armenia continues to ensure sustained progress in the full implementation of the VFA/RA."
It should be reminded that the RA Foreign Minister has many times declared that Armenia is ready for negotiations over visa liberalization.
Cooperation on Trade
The Brussels Declaration fixes the EU’s commitment to develop trade relations with partner countries. The EU welcomed the implementation of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas for the three partners concerned Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. It also mentioned that in a differentiated way, the EU will continue to jointly discuss with each of the partner countries, including Armenia attractive and realistic options to strengthen mutual trade and encourage investment to reflect common interests.
The Riga Declaration simply mentioned that the participants welcomed the importance of achieving a future agreement between Armenia and the EU that "will touch upon the development and deepening of comprehensive cooperation in all areas of mutual interest."
This shows that if in 2015 the EU was not convinced that it could develop and deepen trade relations with Armenia, the negotiations and the work done during these two years have shown that Armenia's membership to the EAEU does not hinder the development of trade and economic relations with the EU.
Summarizing, it can be mentioned that in some terms very general and compromising formulations were chosen in the Brussels Declaration. As for Armenia, in general, the document reflects a positive assessment of the great work done, overcoming the many uncertainties and the desire of both the EU and Armenia to move forward.
- EaP Results Become More Visible to the Citizens It is important to note that if initially the EU was guided by a single mechanism for building cooperation with all six EaP countries, then soon they realized that this is inefficient.
- The Members of the Delegation of Lyon Visited Lyon Park in Yerevan It should be noted that the park was opened in 2011. Former Mayor of Lyon Gerard Collomb was present at the opening ceremony.
- Lyon Mayor George Kepenekyan Renders Memory Tribute to Victims of Armenian Genocide George Kepenekyan also visited the museum0institude of the Armenian Genocide where familiarized himself with the samples and left an entry in the guests’ book.
- Yerevan to Host TRACECA Intergovernmental Commission Meeting The last time when Armenia hosted this event was in 2003.
- Armen Ashotyan: We Expect European Parliament Will Ratify the New Agreement with RA until 2019 Elections Within the framework of the four-day visit in Brussels Armen Ashotyan also met with Cristian Dan Preda, Coordinator of the Foreign Affairs of the EPP Faction.
Merkel Hopes to Avoid Trade War with US
Saudi Arabia Prince to Meet Trump
If the World Continues to Silently Support Erdogan the Hands of Turkey Will Go Beyond Syria
Erdogan Celebrates Capturing of Afrin: What Does It Mean to Him?
Serzh Sargsyan Called a Consultative Meeting to Discuss the Preparations for the Major State Events
School Bombing in Syria's Eastern Ghouta: At Least 16 Children Killed
How Real Is for Aliyev the Threat of Islamists Returning From the Middle East?
Artsakh Develops Relations with the USA at Different Levels
Erdogan Accuses the US for "Trying to Deceive Turkey"
The US Calls on Turkey to End the State of Emergency
Abbas Accuses Hamas of Orchestrating the Explosion that Targeted the Convoy of Prime Minister
Turkish Scholar: There Has Never Been a Turkish Race; it’s a Synthesis
March 20 is Celebrated as International Day of Happiness
Prime Minister of Armenia Received Ambassador of China and Vice President of Powerchina International Group Limited
The Delegation of Francophonie Visits Armenian Genocide Memorial
Life Is a Celebration, but Vaastu Shastra Makes It More Harmonious (EXCLUSIVE)
RA MoD: The Life of the Wounded Soldier Is not in Danger
NKR Defense Army Shot Down an Azerbaijani Drone (Pics)
White House Explains Why Trump Didn’t Congratulate Putin on Election
EU to Keep Pressure on North Korea over its Nuclear Program
James Bagyan: The Only Armenian that Was in Space and Can Make Dolma
Why the Figure Skater Evgenia Medvedeva (Babasyan) Did Not Take Her Father's Name?
Azerbaijani Blogger: Armenians Did not Destroy Azerbaijani Graves in Karabakh
February 20: the Birth of Artsakh Movement
President Attends Bookinist Bookstore on the Occasion of Book Giving Day
Armenia Negotiates with Four Countries over Creation of Persian Gulf: Black Sea Transit Corridor
Vazgen Oganesov: An Armenian Who Did Not Let Hitler to Run Away from Berlin
Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia: Armenia Plays a Positive Role in Improving Russian-Georgian Relations (EXCLUSIVE)
Lapshin Showed the Difference in the Education of Armenian and Azerbaijani Children (VIDEO)
Armenian Delegation Invited OSCE PA President to Visit Artsakh and Meet the Authorities There: Hermine Naghdalyan (EXCLUSIVE)
Wind: 11.27 km/h