Kurdish Referendum: What Developments to Expect?
The referendum on the independence of Iraqi Kurdistan to be held on September 25 is the dream of the Kurdish people, the result of which will have an impact on the future relations of Kurds with Baghdad and the international community. The Kurds view the upcoming referendum as something their grandfathers and they themselves have struggled for many years.
The authorities of Iraqi Kurdistan understand it quite well that independence referendum may bring a negative response of a number of forces. That is why Barzani in one of his interviews declared that they are ready to even shed blood for having statehood. The Kurds really consider the referendum as an opportunity to get rid of all the problems they face. Therefore, convincing them to withdraw from this referendum becomes impossible. Let's note that this is not the first referendum organized by Iraqi Kurds.
It should be noted that the independence referendum of Iraqi Kurdistan is not definitely accepted by the Kurds and the international community. First, the decision to hold a referendum was supported by not all political forces in Iraqi Kurdistan. There are two parties against - the Movement for Change (Gorran) and the Kurdistan Islamic Group. These two parties believe that such a decision can only be made by the Parliament, the work of which has been suspended since October 2015 due to differences between Gorran and Barzani's "Democratic Party of Kurdistan". Those, who oppose the referendum are in fact afraid that it will support the strengthening of Barzani's positions in the presidential and parliamentary elections in December.
As for the outside world, many of the countries that have responded to the upcoming referendum are against it. It is difficult to recall a case, when the positions of Washington, Moscow, Tehran, Baghdad and Damascus were similar in the context of their policy in the Middle East. Thus, the desire not to see sovereign Iraqi Kurdistan has already united Ankara, Tehran and Baghdad. These are the countries towards which Kurds can have territorial claims after gaining statehood. And if today Erbil (the capital of the future Kurdistan) puts demands only towards Iraq, trying to take the control over Kirkuk and surrounding oil-rich regions, in the near future it will also put new territorial claims towards Turkey and Iran.
Such implications are made taking into account the number of Kurds living in these countries which reaches to millions. Taking into consideration all this, it is not excluded that Turkey and Iran will try to even resort to military action against Kurds, who seek independence.
In this context, achieving mutual understanding with official Baghdad is of utmost importance. If Baghdad approves the results of the referendum on the independence of Iraqi Kurdistan, the international community will probably support the process. However, the Iraqi government has already stated that it will never recognize the results of the September 25 referendum. It should be noted that the referendum can lead not only to the external conflict, but also to the internal clashes among political groups of Iraqi Kurdistan.
To sum up, it should be mentioned that even if the referendum on the independence of Iraqi Kurdistan does not become a basis for the establishment of the Kurdish statehood, it is a serious political step that can lead to the process of getting a status for the Iraqi Kurdistan. And there are lots of such examples. For example, in 2012, Palestine received the status of an observer country in the UN, even though it has no statehood yet. And the Catalonia referendums (2009 and 2010), as well as the 2014 poll, which did not even had legal force, also testify that regardless of the outcome, they give new impetus to the independence process.
- ''The Olive Branch'': Ankara Will Not Reconsider its Policy against the Kurds due to International Community's Concerns Due to the developments in Afrin, many Italian political figures have opposed Erdoğan's visit today. The leader of the Left Party of Italy, Nicola Fratognani, urged the authorities of the country ''not...
- Kurds in Syria Call on US Support to Rein in Turkish Operations Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said the operation will be expanded to other areas, including Manbij, where American forces are stationed with Kurdish militia.
- Karen Karapetyan Meets with Iraqi Kurdistan Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani The parties discussed possibilities and prospects for strengthening and developing bilateral economic ties. Prime Minister Barzani assured of their willingness to deepen cooperation with Armenia and boost...
- Two Turkish Soldiers Killed in Kurdish Attack in Southeast Another soldier was wounded in the attack which took place as the troops were carrying out security operations.
- Will the US Suspend Military Assistance to the Syrian Kurds? So, if in reality, the US is not going to suspend the military assistance to the Kurds, what is the disseminated news conditioned by?
Europe's Indifference and Turkey's Interests
Boris Johnson to Support to UK Diplomats Expelled from Russia
Boris Johnson Accused Russia of Secretely Stockpiling the Deadly Nerve Agent
Afrin Urges International Communities to Stop Turkey
Erdogan: Turkey Has Taken Full Control of the Center of Afrin
Sri Lanka Lifted a Nationwide State of Emergency
Bako Sahakyan: The Armenian Community of America and our American Friends are Actively Involved in the Process of the International Recognition of Artsakh
Iran Arrests Ahmadinejad’s Close Ally and Ex-Vice President
Voting for Presidential Election Starts in Russia
Sunday of Advent
Armenians in Olympic Games and Varazdat: Armenian King Who Won a Gold Medal
Merkel and Macron Plan Roadmap on Euro Zone Reform
PACE Eliminates Turkish from the List of Working Languages
NKR Defense Army: During the Past Week Azerbaijani Armed Forces Violated the Ceasefire Regime About 250 Times
James Bagyan: The Only Armenian that Was in Space and Can Make Dolma
EU-USA ''Metal War'' Will Cause New Intrigues
70 Racers from Armenia, Georgia and Iran to Take Part in International Car Race in Armenia
Mike Pompeo: the Most Conservative US State Secretary?
RA President Congratulated His Chinese Counterpart
Two Armenians Killed in Los Angeles Shooting
Why the Figure Skater Evgenia Medvedeva (Babasyan) Did Not Take Her Father's Name?
Armenian President Schools Azeri Diplomat on History at Munich Security Conference
James Bagyan: The Only Armenian that Was in Space and Can Make Dolma
Azerbaijani Blogger: Armenians Did not Destroy Azerbaijani Graves in Karabakh
February 20: the Birth of Artsakh Movement
President Attends Bookinist Bookstore on the Occasion of Book Giving Day
Armenia Negotiates with Four Countries over Creation of Persian Gulf: Black Sea Transit Corridor
Vazgen Oganesov: An Armenian Who Did Not Let Hitler to Run Away from Berlin
Serzh Sargsyan: Azerbaijan’s Position Regarding the Nagorno Karabakh Issue is a Flagrant Violation of the Helsinki Spirit
Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia: Armenia Plays a Positive Role in Improving Russian-Georgian Relations (EXCLUSIVE)
Wind: 11.27 km/h