Samuel: Armenian Tsar of Bulgaria
The history of the Armenian community in Bulgaria dates back to the 5th century. During the Byzantine rule, many Armenians moved to the territory of Bulgaria. In the 9th century, Christianity was proclaimed in Bulgaria as the state religion by the efforts of the Byzantine-Armenian Empress, Theodora Mamikonyan, Noah's Ark writes.
In the years of 997-1018, Bulgaria was ruled by the Armenian royal dynasty of Kamitopuli (Komsadzag), originating from Armenians Nikola and Hripsime. It was a dynasty of Orthodox Armenians, which left a notable mark in the history of Bulgaria. The sons of the founder of the Armenian dynasty, David, Moses, Aaron and Samuel, ruled in different parts of the state, which included the territories of present Albania, Greece, Macedonia and Turkey.
Samuel was destined to become one of the most famous Bulgarian kings. He and his brother served in the Byzantine army, in the Armenian military unit. By the order of the Byzantine emperor they were transferred to Thrace to fight the Bulgarians. Seeing the cruelty towards the local residents, they rebelled against the emperor and went over to the side of the Bulgarians. From 971 he actually began to rule Bulgaria as a commander and co-ruler of Tsar Roman, the second son of Tsar Peter I. After the death of Tsar Roman, who fled from Byzantine captivity in 977, Samuel became the king of Bulgaria. In an effort to preserve the independence of his kingdom, he waged continuous wars with the Byzantine Empire. In the first years of his reign, Samuel managed to several times defeat the Byzantines and stop their attacks on their lands.
At the end of the 10th century, Bulgarian troops conquered the Serbian lands (Dukla Principality) and conducted a number of expeditions against Croats and Hungarians. After Byzantium regained the northeastern lands of Bulgaria, Samuel moved the capital to the territory of modern Macedonia. Originally, there was no specific capital, but eventually the city of Ohrid was designated as the capital. Samuel died of a heart attack on October 6, 1014, two months after the catastrophic defeat at the Battle of Claydion, and Bulgaria was completely conquered by the Byzantines four years later.
During the reign of Samuel, the Bulgarian kingdom occupied a large part of the Balkan Peninsula, with the exception of Thrace. Although the rule of Samuel marked the fall of the First Bulgarian Kingdom, he is considered a national hero in Bulgaria and Macedonia, Rutraveller writes.
Very little is known about the early years of Samuel. According to the historian Stepanos Asokhik, Samuel came from the Armenian province of Derzhan. The inscription of Samuel, found on a stone near the Prespa lake in Macedonia, as well as the data of John Skilitzi indicate that Samuel's father was Nicola (Nikogayos), and the mother was Hripsime. According to some sources, Nikola served as governor, and mother was the daughter of Armenian king Ashot II from the Royal dynasty of Bagratunis.
During his reign, Tsar Samuel, just like his father, moved thousands of Armenian families from different parts of Byzantium to Bulgaria. Among them were Armenian military commanders, Armenian-Chalcedonian spiritual leaders, many public figures.
During the reign of Samuel, many toponyms of Armenian names appeared in Bulgaria, some of which survived up to this day, for example: Armeno, Armenzi, Armenica, Armenio, Ermentzi, Armecio, etc.
According to the data of 2001, 10832 Armenians officially lived in Bulgaria, however, unofficial sources indicate a different figure, 28-32 thousand Armenians. According to the Armenian organizations of Bulgaria, today this number has grown and reaches 30 thousand. The largest community is concentrated in the city of Plovdiv, it includes both Catholic Bulgarians and Protestants who consider themselves the ancestors of Armenians.
Luxembourg Foreign Minister to Visit Armenia
NSW Armenia-Australia Parliamentary Friendship Group Adopts Resolution Declaring Solidarity with Artsakh
20 European Countries to Expel Russian Diplomats over ''Skripal Case''
Islamist Gunman Attacks French Supermarket and Kills Three
Catalonia: Clashes after Catalan Leaders Detained
Commemoration of Raising of Lazarus
Erdogan: I Told Putin and Erdogan that Turkey Will Not Step Back in Syria
Museum of Armenian Culture Opened in Kiev
Prague-Yerevan-Prague Regular Flights to Be Restored
A New Stage in Relations between France and Germany
Ara Babloyan to Take Part at 138th Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in Geneva
Aznavour Attached Importance to Introducing Investigative Mechanisms on Artsakh-Azerbaijan Border
British Prime Minister Welcomed the Approved Brexit Transition Period
RA MFA: If Baku Is Concerned Over Water Access, It Can Discuss the Issue with Stepanakert
The US State Department Approves $1bn Arms Sale to Saudi Arabia
State Department: The US Has No Intention to Leave Manbij
Arsenal Congratulates Mkhitaryan on Winning Footballer of the Year Award
Lapshin Invites Everyone to an Exhibition in Yerevan
EU Recalls Russian Envoy over ''Skripal Case''
Trump Replaces the US National Security Adviser
James Bagyan: The Only Armenian that Was in Space and Can Make Dolma
Why the Figure Skater Evgenia Medvedeva (Babasyan) Did Not Take Her Father's Name?
Azerbaijani Blogger: Armenians Did not Destroy Azerbaijani Graves in Karabakh
Armenia Negotiates with Four Countries over Creation of Persian Gulf: Black Sea Transit Corridor
Vazgen Oganesov: An Armenian Who Did Not Let Hitler to Run Away from Berlin
Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia: Armenia Plays a Positive Role in Improving Russian-Georgian Relations (EXCLUSIVE)
Lapshin Showed the Difference in the Education of Armenian and Azerbaijani Children (VIDEO)
Armenian Delegation Invited OSCE PA President to Visit Artsakh and Meet the Authorities There: Hermine Naghdalyan (EXCLUSIVE)
Our Delegation Made It Clear That It is Impossible to Have the Same Approach Towards All Conflicts: Hermine Naghdalyan (EXCLUSIVE)
The Silence of the International Community on Aliyev's Statements May Lead to Irreversible Consequences
Wind: 17.70 km/h