Anna Kazanjian Longobardo, Armenian, Designer of the American Missile Navigation System
Anna Kazanjian Longobardo, designer of “Saturn” missile navigation system, “Viking” space project, “Avangard” transmission system, former director of the engineering firm Woodward Clyde Group and executive at Unisys Corp.
In 1949 Anna Longobardo became the first woman to receive a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Columbia University, she was one of the founders of the Society of Women Engineers, which elected her a fellow, the first woman to receive the Egleston Medal for distinguished engineering achievements, and she was listed as one of New York's "100 Women of Influence."
Anna Kazanjian was born in New York, in 1928, to the family of Armenian migrants. Passion for science was demonstrated at an early age. Her father was an Armenian immigrant from Aleppo, and her mother from Constantinople. The family had undergone the Armenian Genocide and reached the US after WW1. Her mother’s maiden name is Yazejian, her great uncle was well known teacher and leader Hayk Khojasarian.
With her doctoral degree from Colombia university in 1952, Anna became the first female scientist in mechanical engineering. “We, the women, should work on our self-esteem and not allow faliures,” she said in an interview.
Longobardo was one of the first women in the United States to work on board navy submarines, destroyers and other vessels. She designed and evaluated submarine-towed buoy used to calibrate sonar. Her design increased navigational accuracy for submarines that operate below periscope depth.
In 1956 when they accept her as a leading specialist in "Sperry RAND", she gets engaged in the development of analog and digital programs.
In those years she made a great contribution to the development of navigational systems in the aviation industry, in particular, participated in the creation of the “Saturn” missile and the “Viking” space system as well as the “Avangard” project.
The “Avangard” project intended to send the first American satellite into the orbit, however, the rocket blew off upon launch. After the unsuccessful launch “Sperry RAND” rejected civilian orders and went on to produce military products.
Anna began to work on calculating the flight of “Atlas” type ballistic systems designed for the Pentagon. 1957 Anna Kazanjian developed specific guidelines that allowed to hit the target at 10,000 miles. Her calculations were included in a super-confidential collection, which was accessible only to the country's top officials. Two years later, NASA was finally able to use these calculations to launch several satellites.
These achievements made Anna Kazanjian chief of Exploration and Development of Military Engineering Systems. Later she became head of “Woodward Clyde Group” engineering company and executive director of “Unisys Corp”.
“We can do more if we want. The important thing is that we strive to do something. There is nothing impossible,” Kazanjian said.
Until 1965 before becoming head of the Division for Exploration and Development of Military Engineering Systems, Kazanjian was not only engaged in the creation of systems, but also personally participated in test flights.
Anna is one of the founders of the Society of Women Engineers.
In 1966-1970 she was the director of the New York Technical Enterprises Council. Kazanjian is still a fellow of Barnard College Mechanical Engineering Council. She currently lives in Bronxville, New York.
- Giacomo Luigi Ciamician, Armenian Chemist, the Pioneer of Solar Energy Idea For many years, studying the effects of light on chemical reactions he realized the potential of solar energy application to humanity and industry.
- Ben Baghdikian, Armenian Journalist Who Publicized Pentagon Confidential Papers Ben-Hur Haig Bagdikian was born in Marash, Western Armenia, on January 30, 1920. A survivor of the Armenian Genocide, his family moved to the United States, Massachusetts. His father was a pastor at several...
- Jack Aghazarian, WW2 Special Agent of Armenian Descent Jack Charles Aghazaryan, one of Britain's bravest spies in the Special Forces Department during World War II.
- Nubar Pasha, Armenian, the First Prime Minister of Egypt "Nubar Pasha is an Egyptian-Armenian politician, Christian and the first Prime Minister of Egypt. An Educated person, who fluently speaks a few languages, he is a genuine diplomat of the time," Brighouse...
- My Family Was Always Proud of its Armenian Heritage: James Bagian - The Only Armenian in the World, who Has Traveled into Space (EXCLUSIVE) Seeing the Earth from space with you own eyes gives a much greater appreciation for the planet than pictures or videos are capable of imparting.
5 Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
New Brexit Deal Agreed, Says Boris Johnson
“Your Problems are Kept in the Spotlight” – PM Meets with the Mothers of Perished Armenian Soldiers
Armenian Lavash on CNN’s List of World’s Best Breads
President Armen Sarkissian Attends Gala Dinner of Global Innovation Forum in Yerevan
Japan Emperor's Parade to Be Belayed Due to Typhoon Damage
Foreign Minister of Artsakh has Met with Secretary of the Security Council of the Republic of Armenia
Third Night of Violence in Barcelona after Jailing of Catalan Separatists
Roads in Armenia are Passable: Goris-Kapan Roadway will be closed for Trucks
Organizers of low-grade flash mob in Azerbaijan have no opportunity to get to Artsakh borders: David Babayan
PM receives EU Special Representative for the South Caucasus and the Crisis in Georgia
Armenian, Azerbaijani FMs May Meet in Slovakia in December in Case of Their Consent: Russian Co-Chair
Speaking about Innovation, We First of All Mean Innovation of Thought and Thinking that Can Really Change the World: Nikol Pashinyan
Erdogan: Turkey Will Continue Operation in Syria Despite Possible Sanctions
Osman Baydemir: If Turkey Isn't Stopped in Syria, Armenian Genocide of 1915 Will Be Repeated
Thousands March in Barcelona Against Catalan Independence
Weather Forecast in Armenia: the Air Temperature will Gradually Go down
North Korean Leader Rides Horse up Sacred Mountain
Armenia, Lithuania Highly Value Bilateral and Multilateral Cooperation in Defense Field
Canada "Temporarily" Suspends New Arms Sales to Turkey
I've Heard about Blood-Thirsty Turks since I Was 11: Cher Reminded about Armenian Genocide and Condemned Ankara’s Operations in Syria
Armenia Marks the 28th Anniversary of Independence
Google Changes Doodle to Mark Armenia’s 28th Anniversary of Independence
5 Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
Citizens of Syria, Lebanon and Iraq Allowed to Obtain Armenian Passports in Their Countries Till Dec. 31
ANCA thanks Kim Kardashian for raising Armenia's worldwide recognition
Bako Sahakyan Receives Russia’s State Duma Member Konstantin Zatulin
Buckingham Palace ‘Displeased’ by Cameron’s Comments about Seeking Queen’s Help during Scottish Referendum
''California Demands Justice for the Murder of 1.5 million Armenians'': California Governor Signs Divestment from Turkish Bonds Act Into Law
Strategic Military Exercises to be Held on September 24-October 5, Involving Government Agencies and Local Self-Government Organizations
Wind: 6 km/h