Anna Kazanjian Longobardo, Armenian, Designer of the American Missile Navigation System
Anna Kazanjian Longobardo, designer of “Saturn” missile navigation system, “Viking” space project, “Avangard” transmission system, former director of the engineering firm Woodward Clyde Group and executive at Unisys Corp.
In 1949 Anna Longobardo became the first woman to receive a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Columbia University, she was one of the founders of the Society of Women Engineers, which elected her a fellow, the first woman to receive the Egleston Medal for distinguished engineering achievements, and she was listed as one of New York's "100 Women of Influence."
Anna Kazanjian was born in New York, in 1928, to the family of Armenian migrants. Passion for science was demonstrated at an early age. Her father was an Armenian immigrant from Aleppo, and her mother from Constantinople. The family had undergone the Armenian Genocide and reached the US after WW1. Her mother’s maiden name is Yazejian, her great uncle was well known teacher and leader Hayk Khojasarian.
With her doctoral degree from Colombia university in 1952, Anna became the first female scientist in mechanical engineering. “We, the women, should work on our self-esteem and not allow faliures,” she said in an interview.
Longobardo was one of the first women in the United States to work on board navy submarines, destroyers and other vessels. She designed and evaluated submarine-towed buoy used to calibrate sonar. Her design increased navigational accuracy for submarines that operate below periscope depth.
In 1956 when they accept her as a leading specialist in "Sperry RAND", she gets engaged in the development of analog and digital programs.
In those years she made a great contribution to the development of navigational systems in the aviation industry, in particular, participated in the creation of the “Saturn” missile and the “Viking” space system as well as the “Avangard” project.
The “Avangard” project intended to send the first American satellite into the orbit, however, the rocket blew off upon launch. After the unsuccessful launch “Sperry RAND” rejected civilian orders and went on to produce military products.
Anna began to work on calculating the flight of “Atlas” type ballistic systems designed for the Pentagon. 1957 Anna Kazanjian developed specific guidelines that allowed to hit the target at 10,000 miles. Her calculations were included in a super-confidential collection, which was accessible only to the country's top officials. Two years later, NASA was finally able to use these calculations to launch several satellites.
These achievements made Anna Kazanjian chief of Exploration and Development of Military Engineering Systems. Later she became head of “Woodward Clyde Group” engineering company and executive director of “Unisys Corp”.
“We can do more if we want. The important thing is that we strive to do something. There is nothing impossible,” Kazanjian said.
Until 1965 before becoming head of the Division for Exploration and Development of Military Engineering Systems, Kazanjian was not only engaged in the creation of systems, but also personally participated in test flights.
Anna is one of the founders of the Society of Women Engineers.
In 1966-1970 she was the director of the New York Technical Enterprises Council. Kazanjian is still a fellow of Barnard College Mechanical Engineering Council. She currently lives in Bronxville, New York.
- Giacomo Luigi Ciamician, Armenian Chemist, the Pioneer of Solar Energy Idea For many years, studying the effects of light on chemical reactions he realized the potential of solar energy application to humanity and industry.
- Ben Baghdikian, Armenian Journalist Who Publicized Pentagon Confidential Papers Ben-Hur Haig Bagdikian was born in Marash, Western Armenia, on January 30, 1920. A survivor of the Armenian Genocide, his family moved to the United States, Massachusetts. His father was a pastor at several...
- Jack Aghazarian, WW2 Special Agent of Armenian Descent Jack Charles Aghazaryan, one of Britain's bravest spies in the Special Forces Department during World War II.
- Nubar Pasha, Armenian, the First Prime Minister of Egypt "Nubar Pasha is an Egyptian-Armenian politician, Christian and the first Prime Minister of Egypt. An Educated person, who fluently speaks a few languages, he is a genuine diplomat of the time," Brighouse...
- My Family Was Always Proud of its Armenian Heritage: James Bagian - The Only Armenian in the World, who Has Traveled into Space (EXCLUSIVE) Seeing the Earth from space with you own eyes gives a much greater appreciation for the planet than pictures or videos are capable of imparting.
RA-EU Partnership Road-Map Hardly Overlaps EEU Regulations
Russia to Pay Fee to Council of Europe after Powers Are Restored
Venezuela's Former Spy Chief Says Maduro Could Yet Fall
Trump: I Don't Need Congressional Approval to Strike Iran
Trump Muses Privately About Ending Postwar Japan Defense Pact
OSCE Mission Monitoring: Azerbaijani Side Didn't Lead the OSCE Mission to its Front-Line Positions
Boris Johnson Under Pressure in UK Prime Minister Race
Saudi Minister: 'Iran’s Policies Are Not Acceptable And Have to Change'
China, U.S. Trade Officials Talk Ahead of Trump-Xi Meeting
N Korea Not Ready to Denuclearize
PM Attends Opening Ceremony of Francophonie Park in Town of Masis
Iran’s Rouhani: US Sanctions on Khamenei Futile As He Has ‘No Foreign Assets’
Trump Plans to Meet With Xi, Putin and Erdogan This Week at G-20
Pilot Killed As Two Eurofighter Jets Collide in Midair
Comment by MFA Press Secretary Anna Naghdalyan on the Latest Statement of the Foreign Minister of Azerbaijan
Zohrab Mnatsakanyan Attended Photo Exhibition in Geneva Dedicated to Armenia’s Velvet Revolution
President Sarkissian Proposes to Hold 6th STARMUS Global Festival of Science Communication And Art in Armenia
Georgia Authorities Release Detained Armenian National
Saudi King Salman Meets With Pompeo
Statement by Zohrab Mnatsakanyan, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Armenia, at the High-Level Segment of the 41st Session of the UN Human Rights Council
"Any Armenian Living Outside the Homeland Should Realize That Their Ultimate Goal is to Return to Armenia": Nikol Pashinyan (PHOTOS)
Our Plans Will Target Reinforcement of Civil Society And Its Role: Naira Karapetyan, Director of ''European Integration'' NGO
Giacomo Luigi Ciamician, Armenian Chemist, the Pioneer of Solar Energy Idea
Kosovo's Threats to Join Albania Raise Opportunities For Armenia and Artsakh
Trump’s New Immigration Plan’s Threats to Armenia
Karabakh: "Coercion to Peace" Gaining Ground Again
Artworks on Scarves: Exclusive Interview with “Artuyt” Founder Arevik Arakelyan
Artsakh Should Be Fully Involved in the Humanitarian Events: Expert
There is No Religion For Food, All Are Human Beings
Wind: 19 km/h