Alexander Leonovich Kemurdzhian, Designer of the First Planet Rover
Alexander Leonovich Kemurdzhian was an outstanding design engineer, the founder of the Soviet scientific school of space transport engineering, the designer of the first planet rover. He authored more than 200 scientific papers, including five monographs and more than 50 inventions. The mission of Kemurdzhian’s life was the design of space technology and participation in the design of the world's first automatic self-propelled apparatus for research on the lunar surface. He was the chief designer of the self-propelled chassis of the lunar rover.
Kemurdzhian was born in Vladikavkaz, in 1921. His father came from an Armenian family from Trabzon. Alexander grew up in Baku.
In 1940, Alexander came to Moscow and entered the Moscow Higher Technical School after Bauman. And in 1942 he volunteered to the front. Kemurdzhian participanted in the battle of Kursk, forcing of the Dnieper, Visla, Desna and Oder. In 1945 he ended up in Pomerania.
In 1951 he graduated with honors from the Moscow Higher Technical School after Bauman and was sent to work in VNII-100. Since September 1951 Alexander Kemurdzhian’s life was inextricably linked with this organization, where he went from an engineer to chief designer and deputy director of the institute.
From 1959 to 1963 Kemurdjian was engaged in the design of land vehicles on air cushion. Full-scale tests mock-ups of a combat reconnaissance and sentry machine on air cushion were set up called "crawlers". This car could carry a crew of up to 12 paratroopers, overcome swamps, off-road, water boundaries.
In 1963 Kemurdzhian headed operations of the creation of a self-propelled chassis "Lunokhod". In 1963-1973 A.L.Kemurdzhian headed works on the design and creation of the self-propelled automatic chassis of Soviet Moon rovers and Mars rovers. Under his leadership planetary rovers developed as robotic transport vehicles of space appropriation, and his group developed the first-ever planet research vehicles - "Lunokhods", Prop-M Rover (Apparatus of the Cross-Country Capability Estimate), apparatus for the jump movement at the moon of Mars, Phobos were developed. Devices designed under his leadership also yielded data on physicomechanical properties of soil of the Moon and Venus.
After the Chernobyl disaster, Kemurdzhian was tapped by Soviet officials as a special adviser on the development and use of remote-controlled vehicles working in unsafe areas. In May 1986, he was sent to the disaster site to assess the working conditions of transport equipment. Under his leadership a remote-controlled specialized transport robot STR-1 was created, which provided substantial assistance in eliminating the consequences of the accident.
Kemurdzhian is a doctor of technical sciences, a professor, a laureate of the Lenin Prize, was awarded the Orders of Lenin, Courage, Red Star, World War II, Honor, as well as medals of the FK of the USSR and combat medals. In 2006, the Federation of Cosmonautics made a decision to set an award - a medal after Kemurdzhian.
He was a member of several international scientific societies — the Planetary Society (USA), the European Geophysical Society (Germany), and a correspondent member of the Commission for Study of Outer Space (France).
Kemurdzhian’s name is included in the book "Outstanding People of the 20th Century", published in Great Britain.
Alexander Kemurdzhian died on February 24, 2003. He was interred in St. Petersburg, at the Armenian cemetery.
In 1997 one of the minor planets of the Solar System was named after Alexander Kemurdzhian by the decision of the International Astronomical Union.
- Alenush Teryan: Iran’s First Female Astronomer and Founder of First Solar Observatory “My daughter’s name is sun, my son’s name is moon”, would say Iran’s first astronomer and founder of the first solar observatory Alenush Teryan.
- Armenian Hakob Martayan - the Founder of the Modern Turkish Language When Kemal Ataturk decided to implement a reform of the Turkish language and translate the Ottoman-Turkish language (Osmanli) from Arabian into the Latin alphabet, he requested Hakob Martayan to do the...
- Asatour Sarafian, the Inventor of Automatic Transmission For Automobiles Asatour Sarafian, was an Armenian American inventor who patented a number of works, including an automatic transmission for automobiles, the needleless inoculation gun, the primary controls of the first...
- Alexander Leonovich Kemurdzhian, Designer of the First Planet Rover The mission of Kemurdzhian’s life was the design of space technology and participation in the design of the world's first automatic self-propelled apparatus for research on the lunar surface.
- Armenian Anita Caracotchian: The First Female Oceanographer in the World “A part of my people lived at the sea for 300 years, we had glorious Cilicia, that harbored more than one thousand Armenian ships having tight commercial ties with the most powerful countries. After...
Gas supply to Artsakh partially restored
Armenian PM, Turkish President hold telephone conversation
Performance report 2022 of the State Property Management Committee presented to the Prime Minister
Prime Minister Pashinyan holds telephone conversation with Bashar al-Assad
Chechen leader expects special military operation to be over by yearend
Alen Simonyan Receives Minister of Foreign Affairs of Croatia Gordan Grlić Radman
Armenia is sending rescue squads to Syria and Turkey: MFA
President Harutyunyan had a telephone conversation with Catholicos Aram I
There is some progress in Armenia-Turkey relations: FM Mirzoyan
Over 13 million people in Turkey affected by devastating earthquake: Erdogan
Intensifying EU’s energy cooperation with Azerbaijan doesn’t mean human rights issues will be ignored, says German FM
Vahagn Khachaturyan received the Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia Gordan Grlić Radman
Yerevan received new peace proposals from Baku, studying them, Armenia’s Mirzoyan says
In most of the regions of Armenia snow with fog is predicted: 5-day weather forecast
Azerbaijan FM gives UK minister of state distorted information about Lachin corridor
Current situation in Syria is difficult: Armenian ambassador
We didn’t hear anything new – Speaker Alen Simonyan on Russian FM’s recent statement on Nagorno Karabakh
Iran denies reports on joint construction of UAV plant with Russia
New quake hits Turkey
International Society for Human Rights: Azerbaijan must stop Lachin corridor blockage
"Michelangelo in the Ballet": Armenian Agrippina Vaganova, the Founder of the Theory of Russian Ballet
The comment of the Press Secretary of the MFA of Armenia on the psychological terror and violation of rights of Armenian children by Azerbaijan
Europe faces unprecedented crisis due to Ukraine conflict, Macron says
Armenian Caucus leaders urge Biden Administration to consider emergency airlift, Azerbaijan sanctions to end Artsakh blockade
Azeri 'eco-activists' couldn't reach Lachin corridor without authorities' permission: Tatoyan Foundation
Pentagon commits another $2.5 billion in aid to Ukraine
Ruben Vardanyan offers condolences to families of soldiers killed in barracks fire
5-Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
We highly appreciate the appeal of the European Parliament to the international community: Artsakh Foreign Ministry
In Stepanakert electricity outages will be carried out twice a day
Wind: 0.51 km/h