Nubar Pasha, Armenian, the First Prime Minister of Egypt
"Nubar Pasha is an Egyptian-Armenian politician, Christian and the first Prime Minister of Egypt. An Educated person, who fluently speaks a few languages, he is a genuine diplomat of the time," Brighouse and Epron encyclopedic dictionary of 1890 reads.
Nubar was born in Smyrna (Izmir) in 1825. His father Mgrdich Melikyan was a descendant of commander Nubar, an associate of legendary David-Bek. His mother was the sister of Boghos Bey Yusufyan, another native of Smyrna, who became a minister and the personal secretary of Muhammad Ali, the sovereign ruler of Egypt. It was due to his uncle that Nubar received a brilliant education in the prestigious educational institutions in Switzerland and France, and returning to Egypt, in 1845 he was appointed personal secretary of Abbas Pasha, governor of Egypt.
In the 1850s, he became one of the leading statesmen and politicians in Egypt. In 1850 the ruler of the country Abbas Pasha sent Nubar to London, where he defended the rights of Egypt and the family of Muhammad Ali against the claims of the Turkish sultan. Nubar successfully completed the assignment, for which he was made a Bey.
Undeniable is the contribution of Nubar to the construction of the Suez Canal, connecting the Red and Mediterranean Seas. In 1866, he went to Constantinople, where he managed to convince the Turkish Sultan of the Ottoman Empire not only to agree to the construction of the canal, but to persuade him to allocate a fabulous amount of money for the work. Pleased with Nubar Bey’s efforts, the ruler of Egypt, Ismail Pasha, instructed him to take over the completion of work on the Suez Canal. The technical challenges facing the builders of the canal were enormous... Noubar-Bey traveled to Paris to settle the controversial issues between Egypt and the French Canal Company. Upon return from Paris Nubar Bey took the office of the minister of public works and was made a pasha. Soon after he became the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Egypt.
He reached the top of his career in 1878 when appointed as prime minister of Egypt, the first time in the history of the country. He served as Prime Minister three times during his career. His first term was between August 1878 and 23 February 1879. His second term was served from 10 January 1884 to 9 June 1888. His final term was between 16 April 1894 and 12 November 1895. Among the prominent achievements of that period was the reform of the outdated judicial system.
British Controller-General of Egypt and the Suez Canal Zone Evelyn Baring, later Lord Cromer, wrote, "Nubar Pasha is the most interesting amongst modern Egyptian politicians, with intellect he is way up of his rivals."
Nubar Pasha was engaged both in the fate of the Armenian community of Egypt and of the entire Armenian diaspora. He assisted Armenian refugees from Turkey to Egypt, allocated funds for the publication of periodicals and for establishment of schools, organized the translation and publication of French translations of Armenian bibliographers, and others. In 1878, Nubar compiled his program on improving the condition of Armenians under the Turkish yoke and sent it to the Berlin Congress, which, however, was not presented to Congress.
Nubar Pasha died in Paris, on January 14, 1899. He was interred in the Armenian suburb of Cairo, Heliopolis.
He received highest awards and honorary titles for his merits for Egypt. Two streets (in Cairo and Alexandria), as well as one of the bridges across the Nile in Cairo, were named after the Nubara Pasha. His statue stands next to the National Opera House in Alexandria.
- Emil Jamil Lahoud: Armenian President of Lebanon Armenians, in turn, made a great contribution to the development of Lebanon. Throughout the history of living in the territory of the country, Armenians took an active part in the formation of the country...
- Kirk Kerkorian: to be Sad in a Mercedes is Better than in a Bus It should be noted here that the Armenian nation is proud of Kerkorian not for the fact that he was a successful businessman, but because he was a worthy Armenian. Kerkorian has greatly supported in the...
- Gevorg Nalbandian: an Armenian who Wrote an Anthem for an African Country The small Armenian diaspora in this exotic ancient country has always occupied an important place in all areas of state and cultural life, Dlmn.info notes.
- The Armenian Love of Aivazovsky She loved him very much and did not require more attention than he could give. She understood that she would never occupy a place in his heart equal to the painting. Aivazovsky in turn adored Anna and...
- Seerpoohi Elias: Armenian Woman and the First Chief Justice of New Zealand “If it were not for the Armenian identity in the family, I would not have had such accomplishments,” said Seerpoohi Elias, the first female Chief Justice of New Zealand.
Armenian FM Holds Phone Talks with Co-Chairs of OSCE Minsk Group
Resolution Adopted by the French Senate Is a Crucial Step Towards the Recognition of the Right to Self-Determination Exercised by the People of Artsakh: Armenia's MFA
Pashinyan Talks with Secretary General of the International Organization of La Francophonie Louise Mushikiwabo over the Phone
Recognition of Artsakh’s Independence by French Senate to Do No Good to Anyone: French Minister Says
Artsakh Foreign Ministry Express Deep Gratitude for Adoption of Resolution by French Senate on Recognizing Artsakh
French Senate Adopts Resolution on Necessity to Recognize Artsakh’s Independence
Prime Minister: The Joint Statement Provides for the Return to Their Homes for People living in the Regions of Nagorno-Karabakh
Debates on Resolution on Necessity to Recognize Artsakh’s Independence Kicks Off at French Senate
Prime Minister Holds Another Meeting with Business Community Representatives
Artsakh's Charektar and Aknaberd Villages to Remain Under Armenian Party's Control
5 Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
Kremlin Does not Comment on Erdogan's Words on Expanding Ceasefire Efforts on Karabakh
WHO Facilitates Deployment of UK Medical Team to Support Armenia Healthcare System’s Coronavirus Response
Armenia Records 129085 Confirmed Coronavirus Cases
Ex-Education Minister Arayik Harutyunyan Gets New Post
Stepantsminda-Larsi Highway is Open only for Trucks
PM Holds Another Meeting with Families of Captured and Missing Persons
Humanitarian Aid Sent by Russian Emergency Situations Ministry to Be Delivered to Shushi and Stepanakert
Debates on Recognition of Artsakh’s Independence to Kick Off in French Senate on November 25
Ara Ayvazyan Holds Telephone Conversation with US Deputy Secretary of State
The Condition of Armenian hit by Turk National with Hammer in France is Grave (video)
Cher Appeals to US Government to Help Armenia, Artsakh (VIDEO)
Kim Kardashian Speaks on Artsakh Peace Deal: This is Goodbye, for Now
Peaceful Armenian Demonstration in France Attacked by Knife, Hammer-Wielding Turkish Nationals
Glendale Officially Recognizes Artsakh Independence, Calls on US President, Congress to Follow Lead
Foreign Minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan Held Phone Conversations with the Representatives of the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chair Countries
Territorial Concessions and the Announced Terms Have Not Been Discussed with the Authorities of Artsakh: Vahram Poghosyan
A New Era Starts in the Caucasus: Georgian President
Artsakh Foreign Minister Masis Mayilian Sent a Letter to the UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay
5-Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
Wind: 5 km/h