Armenian Hakob Martayan - the Founder of the Modern Turkish Language
In Turkey, many prefer not to talk about the role of Armenians in the development of the Turkish state and Turkish culture. However, Turks cannot help talking about one of those Armenians. This is the founder of the modern Turkish language - Hakob Martayan, or as the Turks prefer to call him- Hakob Dilachar. When Kemal Ataturk decided to implement a reform of the Turkish language and translate the Ottoman-Turkish language (Osmanli) from Arabian into the Latin alphabet, he requested Hakob Martayan to do the job.
The choice of Ataturk, appears, was not accidental. An outstanding representative of Armenian nation, Hakob Martayan was born on May 22, 1895 in Constantinople (Istanbul). He studied at the American school of Istanbul (Robert College). Then he became an English teacher of that college, and later on, its director.
When the First World War began, Martayan was taken to the Syrian front - to fight against the British. As Martayan mastered English, the English prisoners asked him to pass the Turkish officers their request to stop violence against them. In response, the officers took Hakob to the commander as a traitor. Before hearing the order of the commander, he strongly affirmed that violence is characteristic only of Sultan's regime, rather than the republican system striving for progress. Perhaps this statement interested the commander as they continued the conversation. Since then, the fate of Martayan changed. Some time later Martayan lectured on public policy and about what the republic was to the above-mentioned commander, who later became the first president of the Turkish Republic. That's was him - Mustafa Kemal who charged Martayan in 1923 to reform the Turkish language – translating Turkish-Ottoman (Osmanli) arabic into the Latin alphabet. With this goal, in 1932, the Turkish Linguistic Society was created. As there were not enough linguists in Turkey, Kemal decided to invite Martayan to the Society. Settling in Ankara, Armenian linguist became an adviser to the president for the Turkish language, cultural and scientific issues.
In the years between 1936-1950, Martayan taught history of linguistics and general linguistics at the University of Ankara. He then had already been given a nickname Dilachar. It should be recalled that in 1934, Kemal signed the law on surnames, first ordering to give surnames to linguists and public figures (before there were no surnames in Turkey). At the same time Turkish linguists developed surname Turk Atasi for Mustafa Kemal, which was then changed by Martayan as Atatürk and till now Kemal is known as Atatürk. Since Martayan did have surname unlike the others, he was awarded a title of Dilachar by Ataturk, which in Turkish means "linguist".
Interestingly, Hakob Martayan is not only the founder of the modern Turkish language, but also the chief editor of Turkish encyclopedia. It should be noted that Martayan along with the Armenian and Turkish, mastered other 19 languages, including Greek, English, Spanish, Latin, German, Russian, Bulgarian etc. He is the author of many works, among which "Language, Languages and Linguistics", which refers to the Armenian, Old Armenian, Middle Armenian and New Armenian languages. It should be noted that until 1932 Martayan worked in Beirut, in Sofia and other cities, where he lectured Armenian studies. He was the director of the first Armenian school in Beirut. In Sofia, he founded the Armenian newspaper "Rahvira" and "Mshakuyt" ("Culture"). He was the editor of the weekly "Luys" in Beirut, hayazg.info reports.
Despite the anti-Armenian policy of the Turkish authorities, Martayan never concealed his origin, as evidenced by an interesting story: once in 1934, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk attended a dinner with dignitaries, during which he suggested that a representative of each nation sang a song in their own language. When it came to Hakob Martayan, some began to whisper that he would not dare to sing in a language other than Turkish. However, Hakob Martayan sang an Armenian famous song dedicated to the Armenian military leader Andranik.The guests at the table, having heard the word "Andranik", got confused, and Ataturk said: "Under the sounds of this song, many were ready to die for their nation. Listen to this song with respect." "Armenians are right by remembering their heroes," Ataturk said, adding though that the Turks this time won.
Hakob Martayan (Dilachar) died on September 12, 1979 in Istanbul, playing a huge role in the development of Turkish language and linguistics.
- Turkey Earthquake: At Least 19 Dead, More than 600 Injured Tremors were also felt in neighbouring Syria, Lebanon and Iran.
- Erdogan Calls on Putin to Facilitate Ceasefire in Idlib "Our president cited statistics to explain how serious the situation was [in Idlib]. He told Putin frankly that ceasefire violations must come to an end. We also made the same appeal to the international...
- Turkey Restores Wikipedia After More Than 2-Year Ban Rights groups have regularly criticized the erosion of free speech in Turkey under President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, especially since a failed coup attempt in 2016 triggered a massive crackdown on government...
- Trump, Erdogan Discuss Tensions in Iran, Syria, Libya A White House spokesman said the two leaders discussed protests in Iran, where citizens have flooded the streets to express frustration with leaders in Tehran, as well as the Iranians shooting down a Ukrainian...
- Erdogan Says will ask Parliament for Permission to Send Troops to Libya "As soon as parliament is back after recess, we will make a request for sending troops to Libya first thing. If we receive a corresponding invitation [from Libya for sending troops) we will accept it,"...
- Giacomo Luigi Ciamician, Armenian Chemist, the Pioneer of Solar Energy Idea For many years, studying the effects of light on chemical reactions he realized the potential of solar energy application to humanity and industry.
- Ben Baghdikian, Armenian Journalist Who Publicized Pentagon Confidential Papers Ben-Hur Haig Bagdikian was born in Marash, Western Armenia, on January 30, 1920. A survivor of the Armenian Genocide, his family moved to the United States, Massachusetts. His father was a pastor at several...
- Jack Aghazarian, WW2 Special Agent of Armenian Descent Jack Charles Aghazaryan, one of Britain's bravest spies in the Special Forces Department during World War II.
- Anna Kazanjian Longobardo, Armenian, Designer of the American Missile Navigation System In 1949 Anna Longobardo became the first woman to receive a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Columbia University, she was one of the founders of the Society of Women Engineers, which elected her a fellow,...
- Nubar Pasha, Armenian, the First Prime Minister of Egypt "Nubar Pasha is an Egyptian-Armenian politician, Christian and the first Prime Minister of Egypt. An Educated person, who fluently speaks a few languages, he is a genuine diplomat of the time," Brighouse...
Regional Peace and Security - Responsibility of Leaders of Armenia, Artsakh and Azerbaijan
Coronavirus: 41 Dead, More Than 1,000 Cases in China
Nikol Pashinyan: “The Most Important Goal of the Ongoing Police Reform is to Forge New Police-Citizen Relationship”
Turkey Earthquake: At Least 19 Dead, More than 600 Injured
Some Roads in Armenia are Closed and Difficult to Pass
HBO Max Orders Animated British Royal Family Satire Series 'The Prince'
China Orders Travel Agencies to Suspend Tours to Contain Virus Outbreak
5 Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
Garo Paylan Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize: Organizations Can Join the Initiative and Give Their Vote to Him
Prince Charles Visits Armenian Church in Bethlehem
What Takes Place Today will Not end Today: Armenia’s CC chairman Hrayr Tovmasyan on Search in His Apartment
EU Leaders Sign Brexit Withdrawal Agreement
"Yerevan-2800" Silver Collector Coin Takes 3rd Place
EU Chiefs Sign Brexit Deal ahead of Parliamentary Vote
Thousands Rally against US Military Presence in Iraq
Some Roads in Armenia are Closed and Difficult to Pass
Trump Says will Release Middle East Peace Plan by Tuesday
Government Lowers the Family and Welfare Benefit Allowance Threshold: 11,000 Families will Not be Stripped of Benefits
Two Servicemen Receive Gun Wounds in Artsakh
Maduro Invites Observers from UN and EU to Parliamentary Election in Venezuela
Homemade Armenian Baklava: Kourtney Kardashian's Post Angers Turks
Armenia, Artsakh and the World Around: What the Stars Say
Among His Respective Achievements Alexis Ohanian Mentioned the Visit to Armenia
A. Gundjian, K. Sarkissian Named Members of Order of Canada by Governor-General Julie Payette
Nikol Pashinyan Addresses Congratulatory Message to Armenian People From Republican Square (PHOTOS)
The Hill: Armenian Church of Iran Included in Trump's List which He Threatened to Target
For the First Time Ever Istanbul's Mayor Issues a Condolence Note on the Day of the Assassination of Hrant Dink
The Biggest Fashion Trends to Wear for Spring/Summer 2020
Nikol Pashinyan, Anna Hakobyan and Catholicos of All Armenians Vsit Army Unit Ahead of Holiday Season (PHOTOS)
Armenia's Constitutional Court Has Been Working under Unprecedented Pressure for the Last 6-7 Months: CC President
Wind: 5 km/h