Armenian Hakob Martayan - the Founder of the Modern Turkish Language
In Turkey, many prefer not to talk about the role of Armenians in the development of the Turkish state and Turkish culture. However, Turks cannot help talking about one of those Armenians. This is the founder of the modern Turkish language - Hakob Martayan, or as the Turks prefer to call him- Hakob Dilachar. When Kemal Ataturk decided to implement a reform of the Turkish language and translate the Ottoman-Turkish language (Osmanli) from Arabian into the Latin alphabet, he requested Hakob Martayan to do the job.
The choice of Ataturk, appears, was not accidental. An outstanding representative of Armenian nation, Hakob Martayan was born on May 22, 1895 in Constantinople (Istanbul). He studied at the American school of Istanbul (Robert College). Then he became an English teacher of that college, and later on, its director.
When the First World War began, Martayan was taken to the Syrian front - to fight against the British. As Martayan mastered English, the English prisoners asked him to pass the Turkish officers their request to stop violence against them. In response, the officers took Hakob to the commander as a traitor. Before hearing the order of the commander, he strongly affirmed that violence is characteristic only of Sultan's regime, rather than the republican system striving for progress. Perhaps this statement interested the commander as they continued the conversation. Since then, the fate of Martayan changed. Some time later Martayan lectured on public policy and about what the republic was to the above-mentioned commander, who later became the first president of the Turkish Republic. That's was him - Mustafa Kemal who charged Martayan in 1923 to reform the Turkish language – translating Turkish-Ottoman (Osmanli) arabic into the Latin alphabet. With this goal, in 1932, the Turkish Linguistic Society was created. As there were not enough linguists in Turkey, Kemal decided to invite Martayan to the Society. Settling in Ankara, Armenian linguist became an adviser to the president for the Turkish language, cultural and scientific issues.
In the years between 1936-1950, Martayan taught history of linguistics and general linguistics at the University of Ankara. He then had already been given a nickname Dilachar. It should be recalled that in 1934, Kemal signed the law on surnames, first ordering to give surnames to linguists and public figures (before there were no surnames in Turkey). At the same time Turkish linguists developed surname Turk Atasi for Mustafa Kemal, which was then changed by Martayan as Atatürk and till now Kemal is known as Atatürk. Since Martayan did have surname unlike the others, he was awarded a title of Dilachar by Ataturk, which in Turkish means "linguist".
Interestingly, Hakob Martayan is not only the founder of the modern Turkish language, but also the chief editor of Turkish encyclopedia. It should be noted that Martayan along with the Armenian and Turkish, mastered other 19 languages, including Greek, English, Spanish, Latin, German, Russian, Bulgarian etc. He is the author of many works, among which "Language, Languages and Linguistics", which refers to the Armenian, Old Armenian, Middle Armenian and New Armenian languages. It should be noted that until 1932 Martayan worked in Beirut, in Sofia and other cities, where he lectured Armenian studies. He was the director of the first Armenian school in Beirut. In Sofia, he founded the Armenian newspaper "Rahvira" and "Mshakuyt" ("Culture"). He was the editor of the weekly "Luys" in Beirut, hayazg.info reports.
Despite the anti-Armenian policy of the Turkish authorities, Martayan never concealed his origin, as evidenced by an interesting story: once in 1934, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk attended a dinner with dignitaries, during which he suggested that a representative of each nation sang a song in their own language. When it came to Hakob Martayan, some began to whisper that he would not dare to sing in a language other than Turkish. However, Hakob Martayan sang an Armenian famous song dedicated to the Armenian military leader Andranik.The guests at the table, having heard the word "Andranik", got confused, and Ataturk said: "Under the sounds of this song, many were ready to die for their nation. Listen to this song with respect." "Armenians are right by remembering their heroes," Ataturk said, adding though that the Turks this time won.
Hakob Martayan (Dilachar) died on September 12, 1979 in Istanbul, playing a huge role in the development of Turkish language and linguistics.
- Turkey’s Leader Met Two E.U. Presidents. The Woman Among Them Didn’t Get a Chair Von der Leyen stood staring at them, gestured with her right hand and appeared to say "um" or "ehm."
- EU Freezes Turkey Sanctions Plan Work has stopped on additional blacklistings of Turkish individuals, and we are not talking of economic sanctions anymore.
- NATO Chief Expresses 'Serious Concerns' Over Turkey's Actions Though it has been a NATO member since 1952, Turkey has angered members of the alliance over the last few years in a string of moves.
- Turkey Considers Purchasing 2nd Regiment of Russian-Made S-400 Air Defense Systems "Our work on the second [regiment] of S-400 systems continues," he said in an interview with the Turkish NTV television channel.
- Turkey Says Turning Back on S-400s 'Problematic' "It is a very problematic situation to turn back from the point we have come to. We invite (the United States) to distance themselves from threatening language such as sanctions," Akar told journalists...
- Nubar Pasha, Armenian, the First Prime Minister of Egypt "Nubar Pasha is an Egyptian-Armenian politician, Christian and the first Prime Minister of Egypt. An Educated person, who fluently speaks a few languages, he is a genuine diplomat of the time," Brighouse...
- Jack Aghazarian, WW2 Special Agent of Armenian Descent Jack Charles Aghazaryan, one of Britain's bravest spies in the Special Forces Department during World War II.
- Sir Khachik Paul Chater, Father of Hong Kong The most famous Armenian of all times who lived in China was Khachik Pogose Astwachatoor, known as Paul Chater.
- When I Sit Around a Table with Other Armenians, Bread and Wine Taste Differently: The Armenian Speechwriter of 3 US Presidents Aram Bakhshyan was born in Washington, DC (USA), in 1944. His life is a vivid example of career rise and realization of personality: he was a freelance journalist, journal editor, art critic, teacher at...
- "I Don't Speak Armenian, but I'm Armenian": Alain Prost - Living Legend of Formula One Alain is a four-time World Formula One Drivers' Champion (1985, 1986, 1989, 1993). In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Prost set a number of records and only Michael Schumacher managed to break them a...
Kremlin Regrets Erdogan's Remarks on Crimea Amid Preparations for His Visit to Russia
5-Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
Ukrainian Presidential Aide Survives Assassination Attempt
Secretary Blinken, Turkey’s Cavusoglu Discuss Nagorno Karabakh
Armenia Records 254709 Confirmed Coronavirus Cases
Putin Appoints Armenia's Mikayel Aghasandyan Russia's Permanent and Plenipotentiary Representative to CSTO
Russia Regrets Turkey’s Refusal to Recognize Duma Election Results in Crimea - Kremlin
5 Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
Largest Flag of Armenia Raised in Yeraskh village of Ararat Province
Vladimir Putin Sends Congratulatory Message to Nikol Pashinyan
We Look Forward to Continuing to Support the Armenian People on their Democratic Journey - Joseph Biden Congratulates Nikol Pashinyan
Arayik Harutyunyan Visited the First President of the Republic of Armenia Levon Ter-Petrosyan
US Remains Committed to Helping Negotiate Long-Term Political Settlement of Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict. Blinken
President of the Artsakh Republic Paid Tribute in ''Yerablur'' Military Pantheon
Armenia Records 254436 Confirmed Coronavirus Cases
Today, the History of Our Country, the People, the Present, and the Future are Intertwined: President of Armenia Armen Sarkissian
The Independence of the Native Country is the Greatest Value: Catholicos Karekin II
Armenia Marks the 29th Anniversary of Independence
Google Changes Doodle to Mark Armenia’s 30th Anniversary of Independence
Nikol Pashinyan Sends Congratulatory Message to Vladimir Putin
Sir Khachik Paul Chater, Father of Hong Kong
Trump Says He’d Beat Biden in a Boxing Match
Lebanese-Armenian George Bojkian Appointed Minister in the New Lebanese Government
Arayik Harutyunyan Convened an Enlarged Working Consultation
5 Day Weather Forecast in Armenia
Construction of Nord Stream 2 Completed: Gazprom
Zelensky's Speculations about Risk of Russia-Ukraine War Apocalyptic: Kremlin Spokesman
Commander of Artsakh Defense Army Mikayel Arzumanyan Relieved of Duties
Armenia Records 248397 Confirmed Coronavirus Cases
US Envoy to Armenia Says they do not Consider Karabakh Conflict to be Resolved